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What Every Reader Should Know About Studies Using Electronic Health Record Data but May Be Afraid to Ask Open Access (recommended)

Descriptions

Resource type(s)
Article
Keyword
COVID-19
electronic health records
real-world data
literature
publishing
quality
data quality
reporting standards
reporting checklist
review
statistics
Rights
Attribution 4.0 International

Creator
Kohane, Isaac S.
Aronow, Bruce J.
Avillach, Paul
Beaulieu-Jones, Brett K.
Bellazzi, Riccardo
Bradford, Robert L.
Brat, Gabriel A.
Cannataro, Mario
Cimino, James J.
Garcia-Barrio, Noelia
Gehlenborg, Nils
Ghassemi, Marzyeh
Gutierrez-Sacristan, Alba
Hanauer, David A.
Holmes, John H.
Hong, Chuan
Klann, Jeffrey G.
Loh, Ne Hooi Will
Luo, Yuan
Mandl, Kenneth D.
Daniar, Mohamad
Moore, Jason H.
Murphy, Shawn N.
Neuraz, Antoine
Ngiam, Kee Yuan
Omenn, Gilbert S.
Palmer, Nathan
Patel, Lav P.
Pedrera-Jimenez, Miguel
Sliz, Piotr
South, Andrew M.
Tan, Amelia Li Min
Taylor, Deanne M.
Taylor, Bradley W.
Torti, Carlo
Vallejos, Andrew K.
Wagholikar, Kavishwar B.
Weber, Griffin M.
Cai, Tianxi
The Consortium For Clinical Characterization Of COVID-19 By EHR (4CE)
Abstract
Coincident with the tsunami of COVID-19-related publications, there has been a surge of studies using real-world data, including those obtained from the electronic health record (EHR). Unfortunately, several of these high-profile publications were retracted because of concerns regarding the soundness and quality of the studies and the EHR data they purported to analyze. These retractions highlight that although a small community of EHR informatics experts can readily identify strengths and flaws in EHR-derived studies, many medical editorial teams and otherwise sophisticated medical readers lack the framework to fully critically appraise these studies. In addition, conventional statistical analyses cannot overcome the need for an understanding of the opportunities and limitations of EHR-derived studies. We distill here from the broader informatics literature six key considerations that are crucial for appraising studies utilizing EHR data: data completeness, data collection and handling (eg, transformation), data type (ie, codified, textual), robustness of methods against EHR variability (within and across institutions, countries, and time), transparency of data and analytic code, and the multidisciplinary approach. These considerations will inform researchers, clinicians, and other stakeholders as to the recommended best practices in reviewing manuscripts, grants, and other outputs from EHR-data derived studies, and thereby promote and foster rigor, quality, and reliability of this rapidly growing field.
Original Bibliographic Citation
Kohane IS, Aronow BJ, Avillach P, Beaulieu-Jones BK, Bellazzi R, Bradford RL, Brat GA, Cannataro M, Cimino JJ, Garcia-Barrio N, Gehlenborg N, Ghassemi M, Gutierrez-Sacristan A, Hanauer DA, Holmes JH, Hong C, Klann JG, Loh NHW, Luo Y, Mandl KD, Daniar M, Moore JH, Murphy SN, Neuraz A, Ngiam KY, Omenn GS, Palmer N, Patel LP, Pedrera-Jimenez M, Sliz P, South AM, Tan ALM, Taylor DM, Taylor BW, Torti C, Vallejos AK, Wagholikar KB, Weber GM, Cai TX, Consortium Clinical C. What Every Reader Should Know About Studies Using Electronic Health Record Data but May Be Afraid to Ask. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2021;23(3):9.
Related URL
Publisher
JMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC
Date Created
2021-03-02
Original Identifier
(PMID) 33600347
Language
English
Subject: MESH
COVID-19
Electronic Health Records
Data Accuracy
Data Analysis
Review Literature as Topic
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Acknowledgments
The members of the Consortium for Clinical Characterization of COVID-19 By EHR (4CE) are as follows: Adem Albayrak, Danilo F Amendola, Li LLJ Anthony, Bruce J Aronow, Andrew Atz, Paul Avillach, Brett K Beaulieu-Jones, Douglas S Bell, Antonio Bellasi, Riccardo Bellazzi, Vincent Benoit, Michele Beraghi, Jos Luis Bernal Sobrino, Mlodie Bernaux, Romain Bey, Alvar Blanco Martnez, Martin Boeker, Clara-Lea Bonzel, John Booth, Silvano Bosari, Florence T Bourgeois, Robert L Bradford, Gabriel A Brat, Stphane Brant, Mauro Bucalo, Anita Burgun, Tianxi Cai, Mario Cannataro, Aize Cao, Charlotte Caucheteux, Julien Champ, Luca Chiovato, James J Cimino, Tiago K Colicchio, Sylvie Cormont, Sbastien Cossin, Jean Craig, Juan Luis Cruz Bermdez, Arianna Dagliati, Mohamad Daniar, Christel Daniel, Anahita Davoudi, Batsal Devkota, Julien Dubiel, Scott L DuVall, Loic Esteve, Shirley Fan, Robert W Follett, Paula SA Gaiolla, Thomas Ganslandt, Noelia Garca Barrio, Nils Gehlenborg, Alon Geva, Tobias Gradinger, Alexandre Gramfort, Romain Griffier, Nicolas Griffon, Olivier Grisel, Alba Gutirrez-Sacristn, David A Hanauer, Christian Haverkamp, Martin Hilka, John H Holmes, Chuan Hong, Petar Horki, Meghan R Hutch, Richard Issitt, Anne Sophie Jannot, Vianney Jouhet, Mark S Keller, Katie Kirchoff, Jeffrey G Klann, Isaac S Kohane, Ian D Krantz, Detlef Kraska, Ashok K Krishnamurthy, Sehi LYi, Trang T Le, Judith Leblanc, Guillaume Lemaitre, Leslie Lenert, Damien Leprovost, Molei Liu, Ne Hooi Will Loh, Yuan Luo, Kristine E Lynch, Sadiqa Mahmood, Sarah Maidlow, Alberto Malovini, Kenneth D Mandl, Chengsheng Mao, Patricia Martel, Aaron J Masino, Michael E Matheny, Thomas Maulhardt, Michael T McDuffie, Arthur Mensch, Marcos F Minicucci, Bertrand Moal, Jason H Moore, Jeffrey S Morris, Michele Morris, Karyn L Moshal, Sajad Mousavi, Danielle L Mowery, Douglas A Murad, Shawn N Murphy, Kee Yuan Ngiam, Jihad Obeid, Marina P Okoshi, Karen L Olson, Gilbert S Omenn, Nina Orlova, Brian D Ostasiewski, Nathan P Palmer, Nicolas Paris, Lav P Patel, Miguel Pedrera Jimenez, Hans U Prokosch, Robson A Prudente, Rachel B Ramoni, Maryna Raskin, Siegbert Rieg, Gustavo Roig Domnguez, Elisa Salamanca, Malarkodi J Samayamuthu, Arnaud Sandrin, Emily Schiver, Juergen Schuettler, Luigia Scudeller, Neil Sebire, Pablo Serrano Balazote, Patricia Serre, Arnaud Serret-Larmande, Domenick Silvio, Piotr Sliz, Jiyeon Son, Andrew M South, Anastasia Spiridou, Amelia LM Tan, Bryce WQ Tan, Byorn WL Tan, Suzana E Tanni, Deanne M Taylor, Valentina Tibollo, Patric Tippmann, Andrew K Vallejos, Gael Varoquaux, Jill-Jnn Vie, Shyam Visweswaran, Kavishwar B Wagholikar, Lemuel R Waitman, Demian Wassermann, Griffin M Weber, Yuan William, Zongqi Xia, Alberto Zambelli, Aldo Carmona, Charles Sonday, and James Balshi.
DOI
10.2196/22219

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